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Middle East Conflict
 

VCR #1800

Discovery Channel Video Series - Part 1: Behind the Hatred: "Roots of Conflict" (Running Time: 52 Minutes.)

How do two peoples come to have a claim for the same land? Why did the first settlers immediately clash with the Arab population? This episode examines these issues and also looks at how the British, in the First World War, promised Palestine to both Jews and Arabs, and then passed the question of settlement to the newly formed United Nations.

VCR #1802

Discovery Channel Video Series - Part 2: "Behind the Headlines: Mortal Enemies" - (52 Minutes)

Through comparative biographies of Yasser Arafat and Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon, this episode examines the current battle between Israeli troops and Palestinian gunmen through the lens of the two men's antagonism. Why have their people, eight million Palestinians and six million Israelis, turned to these men as their leaders? Interviews with close comrades-in-arms as well as enemies of both Yasser Arafat and Ariel Sharon paint a vivid picture of these two extraordinary figures.

VVCR-#1803

Discovery Channel Video Series - Part 3: "Behind the Hatred: The Fight for Peace" (52 Minutes)

This three-part series goes to the core of the Arab-Israeli conflict, tracing the conflict's history - from the first Israeli settlers who emigrated to Palestine to the peace initiative recently proposed by Saudi Arabia's Crown Prince Abdullah - this three-hour program goes behind the rhetoric and examines the roots of this ancient conflict. "Behind the Hatred" was co-produced with BBC News, New York Times Television and NBC News

VCR #1805

"The Islamic Wave" (50-minutes.)

This documentary looks at the roots of Muslim discontent and explores the resonance of the Palestinian/Israeli question for the Arab world. `Islam is the world's fastest growing religion. Should the non-Muslim world fear it? We find a faith not just at odds with the West, but with itself...' (Although this film was produced prior to the U.S. war in Afghanistan, its findings are still very relevant today.) To the West, the boys taking on the Israeli army in Gaza are Muslim fanatics. Israel's policy of building new settlements on what the Palestinians consider their land continues, despite the peace process. Many Islamic extremist groups active in the Middle East and elsewhere merge politics and religion, and demand political change. This documentary examines three Islamic states: Sudan, Afghanistan and Iran. Sudan holds training camps for guerrilla groups like Hamas and Hezbollah. Hassan Turabi, speaker of the Sudanese Assembly denies involvement in international terror, yet endorses Islamic revolution. Nevertheless, Sudan's constitution is fairly mild, unlike Afghanistan, the former home to the most extremist form of Islam in the world. The Taliban forced women out of Afghan society and introduced rules from the dark ages. The Taliban's interpretation of Islam is most feared by the West. But it's the kind which many poor Muslims call for. Many Taliban received training in Pakistan, where there is support for extreme Islamic agendas. Iran, once synonymous with Islamic Revolution, appears to be embracing more progressive and democratic ideals. The moderate leadership in Iran is attempting to loosen the grip of the Mullahs. So what is Islam's appeal? This program examines the social tenets of Islamic life - the Qur'anic school and the Islamic court - to find a code of values which covers all aspects of life, personal, religious and political. Islam empowers many of the world's oppressed and impoverished. It also offers a religious connection to their political yearnings.